Cytotoxic Medications

What are cytotoxic medications?

  • Cytotoxic medications, also known as antineoplastic agents, are primarily used to treat cancer, most often as part of a chemotherapy treatment. 
  • Cytotoxic medications inhibit cell growth, and both cancerous cells and non-cancerous cells are affected and damaged.
  • Cytotoxic medication use is growing. They are being used to treat conditions such as rheumatoid and juvenile arthritis.
  • Cytotoxic medications enter the body through inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, and through handling of contaminated body waste. Workers who interact with cytotoxic medications (preparing or administering them as well as cleaning equipment, linens, or facilities) have tested positive for them. 

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